Storms Above the Desert



In addition to the references cited below, other sources for this study were interviews, newspaper articles, and unpublished archival material. The interviews involved many people who worked at Langmuir; cassette tapes of interviews with Marx Brook, Charles Holmes, Lamar Kempton, Charles Moore, Steve Reynolds, Kenny Sorensen, and Bernard Vonnegut. In an effort to cross-check the accuracy of this oral history, the manuscript was read completely or in part at various stages by Marx Brook, Charles Moore, Bernard Vonnegut, and Bill Winn.

Hundreds of newspaper articles were read in the preparation of this book. Among the newspapers used were the following: Albuquerque Journal, Albuquerque News, Albuquerque Tribune, Alumni Bulletin (New Mexico Tech), Asian Student, Carlsbad Current-Argus, Clayton News, Datil Roundup, Denver Post, El Arrastre (former New Mexico Tech student newspaper), El Paso Herald-Post, El Paso Times, Gold Pan (New Mexico Tech alumni newspaper), Hobbs News-Sun, Las Cruces Sun-News, Lincoln County News, Los Alamos Monitor, Lovington Daily Leader, Magdalena Roundup, New York Herald Tribune, New York Times, Roswell Daily Record, Roy Record, Santa Fe New Mexican, Silver City Daily, Silver City Enterprise, Socorro Defensor Chieftain, Taos El Crepusculo, Tucumcari Amencan, and USA Today.

Archival materials included New Mexico Tech's administrative files for the years 1935-1985, a large body of letters from the E. J. Workman administration, a collection of periodic research reports to the U.S. Army Signal Corps, an informative letter from Robert Holier, and the transcript of a talk in which E. J. Workman recalled the early years of his career.

Those who want access to these materials should contact the archivist at the Martin Speare Memorial Library of New Mexico Tech.

Marx Brook's archive file, kept by the Research and Development Division Photo Lab, was the principal source of historical photographs. The file contains four-by-five-inch, two-and-a-quarter-inch, and thirty-five-millimeter negatives dating back to 1946. Color negatives and slides and black-and-white prints are also stored in that file. Charles Moore, Marvin Wilkening, and Bill Winn also maintain large individual collections of slides and photographs pertaining to atmospheric research and Langmuir Laboratory.


Frazier, Kendrick. The Violent Face of Nature. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1979.

Moore, C. B., and B. Vonnegut. "The Thundercloud," in Lightning, edited by R. H. Golde. New York: Academic, 1977.

Moore, C. B., B. Vonnegut, and A. T. Botka. "Results of an Experiment to Determine Initial Precedence of Organized Electrification and Precipitation in Thunderstorms," in Recent Advances in Atmospheric Electricity. London: Pergamon Press, 1958-59.

Schaefer, V.J., and J. A. Day. A Field Guide to the Atmosphere. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1981.

Uman, Martin A. Understanding Lightning. Pennsylvania:

Bek Technical Publications, Inc., 1971.

Wallis, W. A., and H. V. Roberts. Statistics: A New Approach. Glencoe, Illinois: The Free Press, 1956.


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